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Pharmacovigilance Perception and Knowledge Among Pharmacists and Interns in Saudi Arabia

Authors Alshayban D, Mahmoud MA, Islam MA, Alshammari S, Alsulaiman D

Received 6 December 2019

Accepted for publication 10 January 2020

Published 24 January 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 55—61

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/RMHP.S241265

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Marco Carotenuto


Dhfer Alshayban,1 Mansour Adam Mahmoud,2 Md Ashraful Islam,1 Shouq Alshammari,1 Duaa Alsulaiman3

1Department of Pharmacy Practice, College of Clinical Pharmacy, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam 31441, Saudi Arabia; 2Department of Clinical and Hospital Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Taibah University, Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia; 3Pharmacy Division, King Fahad University Hospital, Alkhobar, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence: Mansour Adam Mahmoud
Department of Clinical and Hospital Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Taibah University, Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia
Email mammm.99@gmail.com

Aim: The aim of this study was to determine and compare the level of knowledge and perception of ADRs reporting and pharmacovigilance among interns and hospital pharmacists in different health-care settings in Saudi Arabia.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among pharmacists and pharmacy interns in different hospitals in Saudi Arabia. A total of 315 participants completed the self-administered and validated questionnaire during the period from August 2018 to March 2019.
Results: There was poor perception and knowledge of pharmacovigilance and ADRs reporting among pharmacists as well as intern pharmacists. However, pharmacists had better knowledge score compared to interns (P=0.043). Most of the respondents believed that ADRs reporting is important. The majority of both interns and pharmacists stated that they did not receive adequate education about pharmacovigilance during their undergraduate or internship program.
Conclusion: There is a gap in knowledge and perception about pharmacovigilance among practicing pharmacists and new pharmacy graduates. Drug safety fundamentals and policies should be taught to undergraduate pharmacy students in Saudi Arabia.

Keywords: pharmacovigilance, adverse drugs effects, safety, pharmacists, Saudi Arabia

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