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Peripheral capillary nonperfusion and full-field electroretinographic changes in eyes with frosted branch-like appearance retinal vasculitis

Authors Matsui Y, Tsukitome H, Uchiyama E, Wada Y, Yagi T, Matsubara H, Kondo M

Received 8 November 2012

Accepted for publication 3 December 2012

Published 16 January 2013 Volume 2013:7 Pages 137—140

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S40110

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Yoshitsugu Matsui, Hideyuki Tsukitome, Eriko Uchiyama, Yuko Wada, Tatsuya Yagi, Hisashi Matsubara, Mineo Kondo

Department of Ophthalmology, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, Tsu, Japan

Abstract: We report a patient with frosted branch-like appearance retinal vasculitis associated with peripheral capillary nonperfusion and full-field electroretinographic changes. A 62-year-old man presented with sudden bilateral decreased vision accompanied by headaches. His best-corrected visual acuity was 0.01 in both eyes. Fundus examination and fluorescein angiography showed bilateral frosted branch-like appearance retinal vasculitis, and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography showed severe macular edema in both eyes. The cerebrospinal fluid analyses showed an increased lymphocyte count and protein levels. He was treated with systemic corticosteroid therapy, and his best-corrected visual acuity improved to 0.8 OD and 1.0 OS at 6 months after onset. However, fluorescein angiography showed a lack of capillary perfusion in the periphery, and the oscillatory potentials on full-field electroretinography were severely reduced in both eyes. These findings indicated extensive retinal ischemia and inner retinal dysfunction, and that fluorescein angiography and full-field electroretinograms can be useful during follow-up of eyes with frosted branch-like appearance retinal vasculitis.

Keywords: frosted branch angiitis, aseptic meningitis, optical coherence tomography, electroretinogram, oscillatory potentials

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