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Performance characteristics of prostate-specific antigen density and biopsy primary Gleason score to predict biochemical failure in patients with intermediate prostate cancer who underwent radical prostatectomy

Authors Peng C, Zhang J, Hou JQ

Received 10 October 2018

Accepted for publication 27 December 2018

Published 1 February 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 1133—1139


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Antonella D'Anneo

Chao Peng, Jun Zhang, Jianquan Hou

Department of Urology, First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou 215006, China

Background: Prognosis for intermediate-risk prostate cancer (PCa) remains variable; therefore, we aimed to investigate high-risk factors for biochemical recurrence (BCR), and intermediate-risk PCa using radical prostatectomy to identify patients having equivalent BCR-free survival rates when compared to high-risk PCa.
Patients and methods: A total of 441 medical records were analyzed, including those of 169 intermediate-risk and 272 high-risk PCa patients. Risk factors for time to BCR were tested and analyzed using Kaplan–Meier survival analysis, log-rank tests, and Cox proportion hazards models.
Results: In the intermediate-risk group, prostate-specific antigen density (PSAD) and primary Gleason pattern were significant preoperative risk factors for BCR. Moreover, BCR-free survival of patients in the intermediate-risk group with a higher PSAD (>0.5 ng/mL/cm3) was comparable with that of patients in the high-risk group (P=0.735). When combining primary Gleason pattern 4 and 3 with PSAD cut-offs 0.3–0.7 ng/mL/cm3, we found that BCR-free survival of patients in the intermediate-risk group with a primary Gleason pattern 4 and PSAD >0.3 ng/mL/cm3 was comparable with that of patients in the high-risk group (P=0.463).
Conclusion: PSAD and primary Gleason pattern are potential risk factors associated with biochemical failure in intermediate-risk PCa patients after radical prostatectomy. Regarding significant differences in prognosis according to PSAD as well as primary Gleason pattern on biopsy, a subset of the intermediate-risk patients could be identified with outcomes that were equivalent to that of high-risk patients.

Keywords: biochemical recurrence, Gleason grade, intermediate risk, prostate cancer, PSA density

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