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Patient adherence and preference considerations in managing cardiovascular risk: focus on single pill and amlodipine/atorvastatin fixed combination

Authors Farhan Aslam, Attiya Haque, Veronica Lee, JoAnne Foody

Published 4 March 2009 Volume 2009:3 Pages 61—66

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S4201

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Farhan Aslam, Attiya Haque, Veronica Lee, JoAnne Foody

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA

Abstract: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) accounts for in excess of 930,000 deaths in the United States each year. Risk factors for CVD often co-exist. Studies estimate that over half of the hypertensive population also has dyslipidemia. Observational data suggest that fewer than 10% of patients attain recommended therapeutic targets for both conditions. A variety of patient, regimen and system characteristics have been associated with the risk for non-adherence. Polypharmacy and complex drug regimens are associated with poor patient adherence and thus the use of fixed-dose combination therapies may improve adherence by reducing the pill burden. The fixed-dose combination of amlodipine/atorvastatin offers a convenient and effective approach to manage two important CVD risk factors. The combination of amlodipine/atorvastatin has a synergistic effect. The half-life of both agents facilitates once-daily dosing and both can be administered at any time of the day with or without food. Amlodipine/atorvastatin combined pill can be used to initiate both agents or patients can be switched directly from single-agent therapy with one or both agents. The convenience of single-pill amlodipine/atorvastatin has the potential to improve patient adherence and the management of cardiovascular risk in selected patients, thereby improving clinical outcomes.

Keywords: amlodipine/atorvastatin, cardiovascular disease, drug combination, adherence, poly-pharmacy

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