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Paradoxical Association Between Intradialytic Blood Pressure Change and Long-Term Mortality with Different Levels of Interdialytic Weight Gain

Authors Yu J, Chen X, Li Y, Wang Y, Liu Z, Shen B, Teng J, Zou J, Ding X

Received 21 October 2020

Accepted for publication 30 December 2020

Published 19 January 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 211—220

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJGM.S288038

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Jinbo Yu,1– 3 Xiaohong Chen,1– 3 Yang Li,1– 3 Yaqiong Wang,1– 3 Zhonghua Liu,1– 3 Bo Shen,1– 3 Jie Teng,1– 3 Jianzhou Zou,1– 3 Xiaoqiang Ding1– 3

1Division of Nephrology, Zhongshan Hospital, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 2Shanghai Institute of Kidney Disease and Dialysis, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 3Shanghai Key Laboratory of Kidney and Blood Purification, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Xiaoqiang Ding
Division of Nephrology, Zhongshan Hospital, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86-2164041990
Email ding.xiaoqiang@zs-hospital.sh.cn

Background: A greater interdialytic weight gain (IDWG) implies a greater ultrafiltration rate, which might lead to hemodynamic instability and intradialytic blood pressure (BP) change in hemodialysis patients. However, current studies have not explicated the impact of IDWG on the association between intradialytic BP changes and prognosis, especially in patients without cardiac dysfunction and diabetes. In this study, we aimed to explore the relationship between absolute intradialytic BP changes and mortality with different IDWG levels.
Methods: A total of 204 hemodialysis patients (without cardiac dysfunction and diabetes) were included in this prospective observation study, with a mean follow-up of 55.32± 20.99 months. Initially, we collected IDWG, IDWG% (percentages according to dry weight), and pre-/post-BPs of 36 consecutive dialysis sessions during three months enrollment. And the average value of them was defined as baseline value. Patients were divided into 3 cohorts according to IDWG% tertiles (< 3.3%, 3.3%– 4.6%, ≥ 4.6%). Comparisons between different tertiles were analyzed.
Results: Compared to the low IDWG% group (tertile 1, T1), patients of high IDWG% group (tertile 3, T3) were younger, had higher ultrafiltration rate, less residual kidney function, lower BMI and dry weight, longer dialysis vintage and higher N terminal pro B type natriuretic peptide levels (P< 0.05). Correlations were found between IDWG% and intradialytic BP changes. Kaplan–Meier analysis and multivariate Cox regression model adjusted for demographic data, dialysis information and predialysis BPs indicated that greater absolute intradialytic BP changes were associated with worse prognosis in T1 group (P< 0.05). While in T3 group, less absolute intradialytic BP changes were associated with higher mortality (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: There is a paradoxical association between absolute intradialytic BP changes and long-term mortality with different IDWG levels. Both BP stability and volume balance are crucial to patients’ prognosis.

Keywords: all-cause mortality, hemodialysis, interdialytic weight gain, intradialytic blood pressure

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