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Outcomes of Femtosecond Laser Arcuate Incisions in the Treatment of Low Corneal Astigmatism

Authors Wortz G, Gupta PK, Goernert P, Hartley C, Wortz B, Chiu J, Jaber N

Received 28 May 2020

Accepted for publication 17 July 2020

Published 7 August 2020 Volume 2020:14 Pages 2229—2236

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S264370

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Video abstract presented by Gary Wortz and Preeya K Gupta.

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Gary Wortz,1 Preeya K Gupta,2 Philip Goernert,3 Caleb Hartley,1 Brayden Wortz,2 Jin Chiu,1 Nikita Jaber1

1Commonwealth Eye Surgery, Lexington, KY 40504, USA; 2Duke Eye Center, Durham, NC 27704, USA; 3Department of Psychology, Brandon University, Brandon, MB R7A 6A9, Canada

Correspondence: Gary Wortz
Commonwealth Eye Surgery, 2353 Alexandria Drive #350, Lexington, KY 40504, USA
Tel +1 859 224-2655
Fax +1 859 223-7147
Email 2020md@gmail.com

Purpose: To evaluate real-world outcomes of astigmatism management with femtosecond laser arcuate incisions in patients with low corneal astigmatism (< 1.0 D) using a novel formula for arcuate incision calculation compared to outcomes after conventional cataract surgery without surgical management of astigmatism.
Patients and Methods: The Wörtz-Gupta™ Formula (available at www.lricalc.com) was used to calculate femtosecond laser arcuate parameters for 224 patients with < 1 D of corneal astigmatism who underwent cataract surgery; lens power was determined with the Barrett Universal II formula. Uncorrected distance visual acuity (UCDVA) and refractive astigmatism measurements were obtained, with an average follow-up of 4 weeks.
Results: The average preoperative cylinder was similar (0.61 D in the femtosecond group [n=124] and 0.57 D in the conventional group [n=100] (P> 0.05)). More patients had ≤ 0.5 D of postoperative corneal astigmatism in the femtosecond group (n=110/124, 89%) than in the conventional group (n=71/100, 71%), respectively (P=0.001). The mean absolute postoperative refractive astigmatism was higher in the conventional surgery group than in the femtosecond group (0.43 ± 0.4 D vs 0.26 ± 0.28 D); these differences were statistically significant (P< 0.001). The percentage of patients with UCDVA of 20/20 or better vision was higher in the femtosecond group (62%) than the conventional group (48%) (P=0.025).
Conclusion: Using the femtosecond laser for arcuate incisions in combination with a novel nomogram can provide excellent anatomic and refractive outcomes in patients with lower levels of preoperative astigmatism at the time of cataract surgery.

Keywords: femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery, arcuate incision, visual acuity, refractive outcome, corneal astigmatism

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