Optimizing glycemic control: clinical utility of exenatide prolonged release injection
Giuseppe Derosa, Pamela Maffioli
Department of Internal Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Pavia, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico S Matteo, Pavia, Italy
Abstract: Despite the large variety of antidiabetic drugs currently available, reaching an adequate glycemic control is still difficult. Recently, a new exenatide long acting release (LAR) formulation, which can be administered once a week, has been released. We conducted a review analyzing the clinical utility of this new formulation and its place in antidiabetic therapy, and included the most important studies about exenatide LAR in the latest 10 years. A systematic search strategy was developed to identify randomized controlled trials in both MEDLINE and the Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials. The terms “exenatide,” “exenatide long active release,” “GLP-1 agonists,” “incretins,” and “glycemic control” were incorporated into an electronic search strategy that included the Dickersin filter for randomized controlled trials. We concluded that exenatide LAR can be a valid option for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus because it showed to be effective in reducing HbA1c, and because of its pleiotropic effects, such as the reduction of blood pressure, the improvement of the patient's lipid profile, and the positive effects on body weight and β-cell function. Moreover, exenatide LAR has demonstrated a favorable cost/effectiveness ratio, and its once weekly administration may help to increase patient compliance.
Keywords: β-cell, body weight, exenatide long acting release, glycemic control
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