Optimal management of familial hypercholesterolemia: treatment and management strategies
Mohammad Hassan Nemati1, Behrooz Astaneh2
1Cardiac Surgery Department, Faghihi Hospital, 2 Vice Chancellor for Research Department, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Abstract: Familial hypercholesterolemia is an autosomally dominant disorder caused by various mutations in low-density lipoprotein receptor genes. This will lead to elevated levels of total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, which may in turn lead to premature coronary atherosclerosis and cardiac-related death. The symptoms are more severe in the homozygous type of the disease. Different options for the treatment of affected patients are now available. Diet therapy, pharmacologic therapy, lipid apheresis, and liver transplantation are among the various treatments. We clinically review the treatment and management strategies for the disease in order to shed light on the optimal management of familial hypercholesterolemia.
Keywords: familial hypercholesterolemia, homozygote, heterozygote, Iran
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