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Ophthalmological findings in Cameroonian boxers

Authors Kagmeni G, Nguefack-Tsague G, Ebana Mgovo SR, Ebana Mvogo C

Received 7 February 2017

Accepted for publication 2 May 2017

Published 12 June 2017 Volume 2017:11 Pages 1121—1126

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S134173

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Giles Kagmeni,1,2 Georges Nguefack-Tsague,3 Steve Robert Ebana Mvogo,2 Come Ebana Mvogo2,4

1Eye Department, University Teaching Hospital Yaoundé (UTHY), 2Eye Department, University of Yaoundé I, 3Public Health Department, University of Yaoundé I, 4Eye Department, Central Hospital Yaoundé, Cameroon

Background: The purpose of this prospective, noncomparative consecutive study was to examine active and retired amateur boxers in order to evaluate the nature and incidence of ocular pathologic conditions related to the boxing practice.
Results: A total of 35 boxers were included in this study. The mean age of the boxers was 28.09±7.57 years (range 18–52 years). Sixteen (45.7%) boxers had >5 years of boxing experience. Fifteen (42.85%) of the boxers reported wearing protective equipment in the bouts and sparring rounds. The number of bouts ranged from 3 to 103, with a median of 20 (interquartile range [IQR] =7–44). The percentages of wins varied from 25% to 100%, with a median of 68.29% (IQR =50.00–79.54). Most of the eye injuries recorded were minor injuries (66.66%), with subconjunctival hemorrhage being the most common (24.24%). Lid scars were the second most common lesion, accounting for 18.18% of all lesions. Sight-threatening eye lesions accounted for 33.34% of injuries and included cataracts (12.12%), lens dislocation (3.03%), pseudoexfoliation syndrome (3.03%), unilateral glaucoma (3.03%), retinal detachment (3.03%), vitreous opacity (6.06%), and lattice degeneration (3.03%).
Conclusion: Boxing-related ocular traumas are common in Cameroon, and ocular surface lesions are the most common injury reported. Severe lesions are indications for premature retirement from boxing practice.

Keywords: boxer, subconjunctival hemorrhage, traumatic cataract

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