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Once-monthly paliperidone palmitate in early stage schizophrenia – a retrospective, non-interventional 1-year study of patients with newly diagnosed schizophrenia

Authors Emsley R, Hargarter L, Bergmans P, Uglešić B, Sengül AC, Petralia A, Khannanova A, Cherubin P, Schreiner A

Received 26 May 2017

Accepted for publication 7 July 2017

Published 29 August 2017 Volume 2017:13 Pages 2261—2269


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Roger Pinder

Robin Emsley,1 Ludger Hargarter,2 Paul Bergmans,3 Boran Uglešić,4 Abdullah Cem Sengül,5 Antonino Petralia,6 Angelina Khannanova,7 Pierre Cherubin,8 Andreas Schreiner2

1Stellenbosch University, Tygerberg Campus, Cape Town, South Africa; 2Janssen Cilag EMEA, Neuss, Germany, 3Janssen Cilag, Clinical Biostatistics, Breda, Netherlands; 4Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital Centre Split, Split, Croatia; 5Özel Antalya Likya Hastanesi, Antalya, Turkey; 6Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Catania, Catania, Italy; 7State Budgetary Healthcare Institution, Psychiatrc Clinical Hospital N3 named after VA Giliarovskiy, Moscow, Russia; 8Janssen Cilag EMEA, Issy-les-Moulineaux, France

Background: Long-acting antipsychotic therapy may be best suited for patients in the early stage of schizophrenia, when the most can be done before disease progression associated with poor adherence occurs. We explored the patterns of use of once-monthly paliperidone palmitate (PP1M), concomitant medication use, hospitalization, and clinical outcomes of adult, newly diagnosed patients with schizophrenia receiving continuous treatment with PP1M for at least 12 months.
Methods: This was an international, multicenter, exploratory, retrospective chart review of medical records of adult patients who were newly diagnosed (not more than 1 year before initiation of PP1M treatment) with schizophrenia and who had received continuous treatment with PP1M for ≥12 months in naturalistic clinical settings.
Results: A total of 84 (93.3%) patients were included in the analysis. All but one patient (98.8%, n=83) had received oral antipsychotic medication at least during the last month before the first PP1M administration. Three patients (3.6%) were newly hospitalized during the 12-month documentation period. The reason for hospitalization for all three was management of episode/relapse. A total of 79.2% of patients had a ≥20% improvement and 47.2% had a ≥50% improvement in Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale total score from baseline to endpoint. Half of patients (53.3%) showed a significant improvement, as reflected by an increase in Personal and Social Performance (PSP) total score of at least 7 points from baseline to endpoint (mean [SD] 11.9 [15.0] points; P<0.001). One quarter of patients (24.4%, n=11) moved from a PSP score of 31–70 (ie, moderate to marked functional impairment) at baseline to a PSP score of mild to no functional impairment (PSP score ≥71) at endpoint. Most adverse drug reactions were mild or moderate in severity.
Conclusion: Continuous treatment with PP1M over 12 months was associated with statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvements in psychotic symptoms, disease severity, and functional outcomes in patients with schizophrenia.

Keywords: long-acting antipsychotic, early diagnosis, schizophrenia, paliperidone palmitate

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