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Ombitasvir, paritaprevir, and ritonavir with peginterferon-α2a plus ribavirin in treatment-experienced patients with chronic hepatitis C virus genotype 1 infection

Authors Bernstein D, Tripathi R, Cohen DE

Received 29 September 2018

Accepted for publication 27 December 2018

Published 13 February 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 35—40


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Gerry Lake-Bakaar

David Bernstein,1 Rakesh Tripathi,2 Daniel E Cohen2

1Zucker School of Medicine, Hofstra University, Hempstead, New York, NY, USA; 2AbbVie Inc., North Chicago, IL, USA

Background: This international, phase 2, open-label, multicenter study ( Identifier: NCT01609933) was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of an enhanced regimen consisting of the direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) ombitasvir, paritaprevir, and ritonavir administered for 24 weeks, combined with pegylated interferon-α2a plus ribavirin (pegIFN-α2a/RBV) for 48 weeks, in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 infection who had experienced virologic failure with a prior DAA regimen. This study was undertaken at a time when options were limited for the retreatment of patients who had failed prior DAA therapy.
Methods and results: Thirty-two patients were enrolled; the majority were male (78%) and White (94%), and the median age was 54.5 years. Twelve weeks after the last dose of study drug, sustained virologic response was achieved in 81.3% of patients. Five patients prematurely discontinued the study drugs and one patient relapsed. Safety and tolerability were similar to prior studies of pegIFN-α2a/RBV alone.
Conclusion: Given the availability of highly efficacious DAA regimens that are both IFN- and RBV-free, this regimen is no longer relevant in today’s HCV treatment landscape.

Keywords: direct-acting antiviral, retreatment, virologic failure

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