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Noninvasive measurements of arterial stiffness: Repeatability and interrelationships with endothelial function and arterial morphology measures

Authors Corey J Huck, Ulf G Bronas, Eric B Williamson, Christopher C Draheim, Daniel A Duprez, Donald R Dengel

Published 15 July 2007 Volume 2007:3(3) Pages 343—349


Corey J Huck1, Ulf G Bronas1, Eric B Williamson1, Christopher C Draheim1, Daniel A Duprez2, Donald R Dengel1,3

1School of Kinesiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA; 2Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN; 3Research Service, Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN, USA

Background: Many noninvasive arterial assessment techniques have been developed, measuring different parameters of arterial stiffness and endothelial function. However, there is little data available comparing different devices within the same subject. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the repeatability and interrelationships between 3 different techniques to measure arterial stiffness and to compare this with forearm-mediated dilation.

Methods: Carotid-radial pulse wave velocity was measured by the Sphygmocor (SPWV) and Complior (CPWV) devices, cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) was measured by the VaSera device, vascular structure and function was assessed using ultrasonography and evaluated for reliability and compared in 20 apparently healthy, college-aged men and women.

Results: The intraclass correlation coefficient and standard error of the mean for the Sphygmocor (R = 0.56, SEM = 0.69), Complior (R = 0.62, SEM = 0.69), and VaSera (R = 0.60, SEM = 0.56), indicated moderate repeatability. Bland-Altman plots indicated a mean difference of 0.11 ± 0.84 for SPWV, 0.13 ± 1.15 for CPWV, and –0.43 ± 0.90 for CAVI. No significant interrelationships were found among the ultrasound measures and SPWV, CPWV, and CAVI.

Conclusions: The three noninvasive modalities to study arterial stiffness reliably measures arterial stiffness however, they do not correlate with ultrasound measures of vascular function and structure in young and apparently healthy subjects.

Keywords: Pulse wave velocity, intima-media thickness, flow-mediated dilation

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