Nebivolol in the treatment of chronic heart failure
Authors Angie Veverka, Jennifer L Salinas
Published 15 November 2007 Volume 2007:3(5) Pages 647—654
Angie Veverka, Jennifer L Salinas
Wingate University School of Pharmacy, Wingate, NC, USA
Abstract: Nebivolol is a highly selective beta1-adrenergic blocker that also enhances nitric oxide bioavailability via the L-arginine-nitric oxide pathway, leading to vasodilation and decreased peripheral vascular resistance. It is marketed in Europe for the treatment of hypertension and heart failure and is currently being reviewed for use in the US by the Food and Drug Administration. Nebivolol appears to be well tolerated with an adverse event profile that is at least similar, if not better, than that of other beta-adrenergic blockers. Studies suggest that long-term therapy with nebivolol improves left ventricular function, exercise capacity, and clinical endpoints of death and cardiovascular hospital admissions in patients with stable heart failure. To date, it is one of the only beta-adrenergic blockers that have been exclusively studied in elderly patients. Additionally, the unique mechanism of action of nebivolol makes it a promising agent for treatment of chronic heart failure in high-risk patient populations, such as African Americans. This article will review the pharmacologic and pharmacokinetic properties of nebivolol as well as clinical studies assessing its efficacy for the treatment of heart failure.
Keywords: nebivolol, beta-adrenergic blockers, heart failure