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Multivariate analysis of poor outcome after anterior surgery in multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy patients with heterotopic ossification and preoperative kyphotic alignment

Authors Li S, Zhang B, Shen Y, Wu Z

Received 16 March 2019

Accepted for publication 27 July 2019

Published 27 August 2019 Volume 2019:15 Pages 1053—1060

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/TCRM.S208991

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Garry Walsh


ShaoQing Li,1 BaoYang Zhang,2 Yong Shen,2 ZhanYong Wu1

1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The Orthopedics Hospital of XingTai City, XingTai 054000, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050051, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: ZhanYong Wu
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The Orthopedics Hospital of XingTai City, No. 202 Bayi Road, XingTai 054000, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 1 863 116 4033
Fax +86 0 319 206 9476
Email xkzyywsj@163.com

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors for poor outcome in patients who underwent multi-segmental anterior surgery, and analyze postoperative complications.
Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 158 patients after anterior surgery due to multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy (m-CSM) between June 2008 and June 2016. Adjusted ORs and 95% CIs were determined by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Cutoff values and the area under the curve for continuous risk factors were calculated through receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. The chi-squared test was performed for the comparison of complications among the three surgical groups.
Results: By analyzing 105 patients with good outcome and 53 patients with poor outcome, we established that the risk factors for poor outcome were advanced age (OR =1.12, P=0.003), longer duration of symptoms (OR =1.07, P=0.028), and bigger kyphotic angle at final follow-up (OR =1.29, P< 0.001). The optimal cutoff values for age, duration of symptoms, and kyphotic angle at final follow-up were 63.1 years, 15.5 months, and 5.3 angle. Postoperative complications occurred in 21 patients (13.3%). The incidence of dysphagia and cerebrospinal fluid leakage were higher in multilevel anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (m-ACDF) group than in other groups (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Advanced age, longer duration of symptoms, and bigger kyphotic angle at final follow-up were the risk factors for poor postoperative outcome in patients with m-CSM. The complications after hybrid approach and m-ACDF approach were less than after anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion approach.

Keywords: multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy, kyphotic, heterotopic ossification, hybrid approach, complication

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