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miR-23b-3p and miR-130a-5p affect cell growth, migration and invasion by targeting CB1R via the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in gastric carcinoma

Authors Xian X, Tang L, Wu C, Huang L

Received 28 July 2018

Accepted for publication 21 September 2018

Published 25 October 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 7503—7512


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Takuya Aoki

Xiangshu Xian,1,* Li Tang,2,* Chengrong Wu,1 Liuye Huang1

1Department of Gastroenterology, The Affiliated Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital of Qingdao University, Yantai, Shandong Province, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Clinical Medicine, Qingdao University Medical College, Qingdao, Shandong Province, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: Gastric cancer (GC) is the most common malignancy and third leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide. The identification of a sensitive biomarker as well as effective therapeutic targets for the treatment of GC is of critical importance. microRNAs play significant roles in the development of cancer and may serve as promising therapeutic targets.
Methods: The mRNA and protein expression of CB1R were studied both in GC cells and tissues. GC cell lines with specific gene overexpression and knockdown vectors were constructed. CCK-8 assay, matrigel invasion and colony formation assays were performed to evaluate the proliferation and invasion abilities. The binding and regulatory effects of miR-23b-3 and miR-130a-5p on CB1R mRNA were investigated using a luciferase reporter assay. Western blot analysis was performed to explore the potential interaction proteins of CB1R.
Results: In the present study, it was demonstrated that the cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1R) was overexpressed, and miR-23b-3p and miR-130a-5p were downregulated, in GC cells. In addition, the results revealed that these effects are associated with malignant biological behaviors exhibited by GC cells. Furthermore, miR-23b-3p and miR-130a-5p may regulate CB1R expression via the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.
Conclusion: Our results suggested dysregulation of CB1R expression is closely related to the malignant biological behavior of gastric cancer cells. miRNA/CB1R-based therapy may represent a promising therapeutic strategy for the clinical treatment of GC patients.

Keywords: miRNA, CB1R, Wnt, β-catenin, gastric carcinoma

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