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Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression: trends and developments

Authors MacKenzie M, Kocovski N

Received 29 August 2015

Accepted for publication 21 March 2016

Published 19 May 2016 Volume 2016:9 Pages 125—132


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Professor Igor Elman

Meagan B MacKenzie,1 Nancy L Kocovski2

1Department of Psychology, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada; 2Department of Psychology, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, ON, Canada

Abstract: Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) was developed as a psychological intervention for individuals at risk of depressive relapse. Possible mechanisms of change for this intervention are in line with its theoretical underpinnings, and include increases in mindfulness and/or decreases in negative repetitive thoughts. This review provides an overview of current trends in MBCT research, including efficacy and questions regarding the specific effects of MBCT in light of recent comparisons with structurally equivalent control conditions, mechanisms of change, and moderators of treatment outcome. In addition, future directions are discussed, such as challenges with training an adequate number of therapists and disseminating this therapy.

Keywords: MBCT, efficacy, mechanisms of change, dissemination, moderators

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