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Microwave-assisted synthesis of SnO2 nanorods for oxygen gas sensing at room temperature

Authors Azam A, Habib SS, Salah NA, Ahmed F

Received 8 July 2013

Accepted for publication 2 September 2013

Published 9 October 2013 Volume 2013:8(1) Pages 3875—3882

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S51206

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Ameer Azam,1 Sami S Habib,1 Numan A Salah,1 Faheem Ahmed2

1Centre of Nanotechnology, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; 2School of Nano and Advanced Materials Engineering, Changwon National University, Changwon, South Korea

Abstract: High-quality single-crystalline SnO2 nanorods were synthesized using a microwave-assisted solution method. The nanorods were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), ultraviolet-visible and Raman spectroscopy, Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET), and electrical resistance measurements. The XRD pattern indicated the formation of single-phase SnO2 nanorods with rutile structure. FE-SEM and TEM images revealed tetragonal nanorods of about 450–500 nm in length and 60–80 nm in diameter. The nanorods showed a higher BET surface area of 288 m2/g, much higher than that of previously reported work. The Raman scattering spectra indicated a typical rutile phase of the SnO2. The absorption spectrum showed an absorption peak centered at 340 nm, and the band-gap value was found to be 3.64 eV. The gas-sensing properties of the SnO2 nanorods for oxygen gas with different concentrations were measured at room temperature. It was found that the value of resistance increased with the increase in oxygen gas concentration in the test chamber. The SnO2 nanorods exhibited high sensitivity and rapid response-recovery characteristics to oxygen gas, and could detect oxygen concentration as low as 1, 3, 5, and 10 ppm.

Keywords: SnO2, nanorods, microwave, gas sensor

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