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Medication adherence in the management of nocturia: challenges and solutions

Authors Jayadevappa R, Newman DK, Chhatre S, Wein AJ

Received 1 October 2014

Accepted for publication 21 October 2014

Published 13 January 2015 Volume 2015:9 Pages 77—85

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S51482

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Johnny Chen

Ravishankar Jayadevappa,1–3 Diane K Newman,2 Sumedha Chhatre,4 Alan J Wein2

1Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, 2Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Perelman School of Medicine, 3Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, 4Department of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA


Objective: Nocturia affects millions of men and women. No prior reviews or meta-analyses have explored the issue of adherence in nocturia patients. The objective of our study was to examine the attributes and their interaction that might impact pharmacological adherence in nocturia care using a conceptual model of adherence.
Materials and methods: A literature search of the Medline, PubMed, Embase, PsycInfo, and CINAHL databases for studies published between January 1990 and June 2014 was conducted. We developed a conceptual model in order to facilitate our review.
Results: Currently, multiple treatment options for nocturia exist, depending on the underlying cause. Adherence to nocturia treatment and outcomes are complex and intertwined, and nonadherence to nocturia treatment is common. In 15 studies meeting eligibility criteria, behavioral and pharmacologic interventions for nocturia were associated with reduced nocturia symptoms. Urinary symptoms that are associated with nocturia need individualized management depending on renal and hepatic function, medical comorbidities, and ongoing medication use in a patient. Another important factor related to adherence is the bother. Although nocturia is defined as nighttime-voiding frequency of one or more, not all persons may find this bothersome. The degree of bother is subjective, and may change from person to person. However, there is no information related to the association between bother and adherence to medication or behavioral treatments for nocturia. Medication dosing convenience, preference, and cost play important roles in adherence. We present a patient-centered conceptual model that brings together the various dimensions of medication adherence for nocturia.
Conclusion: Few studies have explored adherence to medication and related factors in the care of nocturia. Our conceptual model can aid development of interventions to improve adherence to nocturia medications.

Keywords: nocturia, adherence, overactive bladder, medication, bother, preference

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