Back to Journals » International Journal of Nanomedicine » Volume 15

Mannose-Modified Liposome Co-Delivery of Human Papillomavirus Type 16 E7 Peptide and CpG Oligodeoxynucleotide Adjuvant Enhances Antitumor Activity Against Established Large TC-1 Grafted Tumors in Mice

Authors Zhao Y, Wang H, Yang Y, Jia W, Su T, Che Y, Feng Y, Yuan X, Wang X

Received 16 August 2020

Accepted for publication 10 November 2020

Published 1 December 2020 Volume 2020:15 Pages 9571—9586


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Mian Wang

Yan Zhao, 1 Huan Wang, 2 Yang Yang, 2 Wendan Jia, 1 Tong Su, 1 Yuxin Che, 2 Yixin Feng, 1 Xuemei Yuan, 1 Xuelian Wang 2

1Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, China Medical University, Shenyang 110122, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, College of Basic Medical Sciences, China Medical University, Shenyang 110122, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Xuelian Wang Email

Background: Previously, we demonstrated the therapeutic efficacy of a human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, including HPV16 E7 peptide and CpG oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG ODN), against small TC-1 grafted tumors. Here, we developed an HPV16 E7 peptide and CpG ODN vaccine delivered using liposomes modified with DC-targeting mannose, Lip E7/CpG, and determined its anti-tumor effects and influence on systemic immune responses and the tumor microenvironment (TME) in a mouse large TC-1 grafted tumor model.
Methods: L-alpha-phosphatidyl choline (SPC), cholesterol (CHOL), 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy (polyethylene glycol-2000)] (DSPE-PEG-2000), 1,2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium-propane chloride salt (DOTAP) and Mannose-PEG-DSPE, loaded with HPV16 E7 peptide and CpG ODN, were used to construct the Lip E7/CpG vaccine. The anti-tumor effects and potential mechanism of Lip E7/CpG were assessed by assays of tumor growth inhibition, immune cells, in vivo cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses and cytokines, chemokines, CD31, Ki67 and p53 expression in the TME. In addition, toxicity of Lip E7/CpG to major organs was evaluated.
Results: Lip E7/CpG had a diameter of 122.21± 8.37 nm and remained stable at 4°C for 7 days. Co-delivery of HPV16 E7 peptide and CpG ODN by liposomes exerted potent anti-tumor effects in large (tumor volume ≥ 200mm 3) TC-1 grafted tumor-bearing mice with inhibition rates of 80% and 78% relative to the control and Free E7/CpG groups, respectively. Vaccination significantly increased numbers of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, and IFN-γ-producing cells in spleens and tumors and enhanced HPV-specific CTL responses, while reducing numbers of inhibitory cells including myeloid-derived suppressor cells and macrophages. Expression of cytokines and chemokines was altered and formation of tumor blood vessels was reduced in the Lip E7/CpG group, indicating possible modulation of the immunosuppressive TME to promote anti-tumor responses. Lip E7/CpG did not cause morphological changes in major organs.
Conclusion: Lip E7/CpG induced anti-tumor effects by enhancing cellular immunity and improving tumor-associated immunosuppression. Mannose-modified liposomes are the promising vaccine delivery strategy for cancer immunotherapy.

Keywords: immunotherapy, human papillomavirus, peptide vaccine, CpG ODN adjuvant, liposome, tumor microenvironment

Corrigendum for this paper has been published

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]