Management of chronic diarrhea in HIV-infected patients: current treatment options, challenges and future directions
Lidia Elfstrand, Claes-Henrik Florén
Department of Medicine, Division of Clinical Sciences, Skåne University Hospital, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Abstract: Diarrhea is a common clinical manifestation of HIV infection regardless of whether the patients have AIDS. HIV and malnutrition tend to occur in the same populations, the underprivileged and resource-poor. Malnutrition increases severity and mortality of infection. Occurrence of chronic diarrhea in HIV-infected patients, gut status and pathogenic agents, nutritional status and the crucial role of nutrition are reviewed. Bovine colostrum-based food can be useful for managing chronic diarrhea in HIV-infected patients, enhancing both nutritional and immunological status.
Keywords: HIV, diarrhea, nutrition, bovine colostrum, CD4+
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