Long-term outcomes and predictors of survival after cardiopulmonary resuscitation for in-hospital cardiac arrest in a tertiary care hospital in Thailand
Received 19 November 2017
Accepted for publication 24 January 2018
Published 20 March 2018 Volume 2018:14 Pages 583—589
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Andrew Yee
Peer reviewer comments 4
Editor who approved publication: Professor Garry Walsh
Panita Limpawattana,1 Wannaporn Aungsakul,2 Chomchanok Suraditnan,2 Anupol Panitchote,3 Boonsong Patjanasoontorn,3 Anakapong Phunmanee,3 Nittaya Pittayawattanachai4
1Division of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand; 2Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand; 3Division of Critical Care, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand; 4CPR Unit, Srinagarind Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand
Background: There are limited data available regarding long-term survival and its predictors in cases of in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) in which patients receive cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
Purpose: The objectives of this study were to determine the 1-year survival rates and predictors of survival after IHCA.
Patients and methods: Data were retrospectively collected on all adult patients who were administered cardiopulmonary resuscitation from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2014 in Srinagarind Hospital (Thailand). Clinical outcomes of interest and survival at discharge and 1 year after hospitalization were reviewed. Descriptive statistics and survival analysis were used to analyze the outcomes.
Results: Of the 202 patients that were included, 48 (23.76%) were still alive at hospital discharge and 17 (about 8%) were still alive at 1 year post cardiac arrests. The 1-year survival rate for the cardiac arrest survivors post hospital discharge was 72.9%. Prearrest serum HCO3<20 meq/L, asystole, urine <800 cc/d, postarrest coma, and absence of pupillary reflex were predictors of death.
Conclusion: Only 7.9% of patients with IHCA were alive 1 year following cardiac arrest. Prearrest serum HCO3<20 meq/L, asystole, urine <800 cc/d, postarrest coma, and absence of pupillary reflex were the independent factors that predicted long-term mortality.
Keywords: developing country, IHCA, outcomes, predictors, survival
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