Long-term efficacy and safety of infliximab and cyclosporine combination therapy for refractory uveoretinitis in Behçet’s disease
Received 20 December 2018
Accepted for publication 15 February 2019
Published 20 March 2019 Volume 2019:13 Pages 521—527
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser
Atsuko Katsuyama,1 Sentaro Kusuhara,1 Ryuto Nishisho,1 Wataru Matsumiya,1 Atsushi Azumi,2 Makoto Nakamura1
1Department of Surgery, Division of Ophthalmology, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Chuo-ku, Kobe 650-0017, Japan; 2Department of Ophthalmology, Kobe Kaisei Hospital, Nada-ku, Kobe 657-0068, Japan
Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of infliximab (IFX) and cyclosporine (CsA) combination therapy for refractory uveoretinitis in Behçet’s disease (BD).
Patients and methods: The study involved a retrospective review of the medical records of 11 patients with Behçet’s uveoretinitis refractory to conventional treatment who had been treated with IFX+CsA combination therapy. The frequency of ocular inflammatory attacks and a Behçet’s disease ocular attack score 24 (BOS24) were used as indices for the evaluation of efficacy during each 6-month period prior to and following initiation of therapy. For the assessment of safety, adverse events (AEs) were recorded throughout the treatment period.
Results: The patients had received IFX+CsA combination therapy for 5.6±2.3 years. The frequency of ocular attacks per 6-month period decreased markedly from 2.9±1.6 during the baseline period to 0.6±0.9 during months 1–6, 0.5±0.9 during months 7–12, 0.3±0.5 during months 13–18, 0.3±0.7 during months 19–24, and 0.0±0.0 thereafter (P=0.003). The BOS24 score per ocular attack significantly decreased from 5.2±2.4 during the baseline period to 1.5±2.1 during months 1–6, 1.7±3.1 during months 7–12, 1.6±2.9 during months 13–18, and 0.4±1.0 during months 19–24 (P=0.002). No serious AEs were observed, with the exception of urinary tract infection and cataract progression. Two patients exhibited transient elevation of the serum creatinine level, which was normalized following a reduction in the dose of CsA.
Conclusion: For refractory Behçet’s uveoretinitis, IFX+CsA combination therapy offers a promising treatment option as it appears to have an acceptable safety profile and can reduce the frequency and severity of ocular inflammatory attacks over a long period of time.
Keywords: Behçet’s disease, uveitis, infliximab, cyclosporine, efficacy, safety
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