Long non-coding RNA 1308 promotes cell invasion by regulating the miR-124/ADAM 15 axis in non-small-cell lung cancer cells
Received 18 September 2018
Accepted for publication 1 November 2018
Published 3 December 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 6599—6609
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Chien-Feng Li
Hongliang Li,1,* Xiaopeng Guo,1,* Qiutian Li,2,* Pengzhan Ran,1 Xudong Xiang,3 Yuncang Yuan,1 Tianqi Dong,1 Bei Zhu,1 Lei Wang,1 Fangfang Li,1 Chunyan Yang,1 Dengcai Mu,1 Dan Wang,4 Chunjie Xiao,1 Shangyong Zheng1
1School of Medicine, Yunnan University, Kunming, China; 2Department of Oncology, Kunming General Hospital of Chengdu Military Command, Teaching Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming, China; 3Department of Thoracic Surgery, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming, China; 4Department of Pharmacy, Kunming General Hospital of Chengdu Military Command, Teaching Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming, China
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Purpose: Emerging evidence suggests that many differentially expressed long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in tumorigenesis. However, the functional roles of these transcripts and the mechanisms responsible for their deregulation in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remain elusive. Here, we identified a novel lncRNA (lncRNA 1308), which was significantly upregulated in NSCLC tissues and investigated its biological function and potential molecular mechanism.
Methods: Differences in the lncRNA expression profiles between NSCLC and tumor-adjacent normal tissues were assessed by lncRNA expression microarray analysis. The microRNA in vivo precipitation (miRIP) method was used to identify the targeting microRNAs (miRNAs) on lncRNA 1308, and luciferase reporter assays were performed. Loss-of-function studies were used to explore the effect of lncRNA 1308 on lung carcinogenesis in NSCLC cells.
Results: The novel lncRNA 1308 was upregulated in NSCLC tissues and cell lines. By using biotin-labeled lncRNA 1308 for miRIP in NSCLC cells and dual-luciferase reporter assays, the results suggested that miRNA-124 was associated with lncRNA 1308. Furthermore, the expression of a disintegrin and a metalloproteinase 15 (ADAM 15) was downregulated in NSCLC cells when silencing of lncRNA 1308, the target of oncogenic miR-124, inhibits NSCLC cell proliferation and invasion. Conversely, the expression of ADAM 15 was significantly increased, when inhibiting the expression of miR-124, and alleviated cell invasion inhibition.
Conclusion: The results suggested that lncRNA 1308 may function as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) for miR-124 to regulate cell invasion through the miR-124/ADAM 15 signaling pathway, indicating that lncRNA 1308 plays an important role in the disease progression of NSCLC.
Keywords: lung cancer, lncRNA 1308, miR-124, ADAM 15, competing endogenous RNA
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