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Cultural Factors Contributing to Maternal Mortality Rate in Rural Villages of Limpopo, South Africa [Letter]

Authors Lestari I, Frilasari H, Nugroho HSW

Received 22 September 2020

Accepted for publication 12 October 2020

Published 22 October 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 881—882

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJWH.S283439

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Editor who approved publication: Professor Elie Al-Chaer

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Indah Lestari,1 Heni Frilasari,1 Heru Santoso Wahito Nugroho2

1Nursing Department, STIKes Bina Sehat PPNI Mojokerto, Mojokerto, Indonesia; 2Midwifery Department, Poltekkes Kemenkes Surabaya, Surabaya, Indonesia

Correspondence: Indah Lestari
STIKes Bina Sehat PPNI Mojokerto, Jl-Raya Jabon Km-6, Mojokerto, Jawa Timur 61371, Indonesia
Tel +6282139388912
Fax +62321390203
Email [email protected]

I have carefully studied the results of a study recently published in this journal on the contribution of cultural factors to maternal mortality rate in the rural villages of Limpopo Province South Africa. The results of this study indicated that cultural factors that contributed to maternal mortality. They were perceived cultural factors, which included culture and knowledge to seek care, perceived beliefs, decisionmaking process, and culture expectations regarding bleeding, hypertension and HIV-AIDS.1 The critical points explored in this study are limited to “cultural practices that are practiced for women during the childbirth period in Limpopo”.

 

View the original paper by Marabele and colleagues

 

 

Dear Editor

I have carefully studied the results of a study recently published in this journal on the contribution of cultural factors to maternal mortality rate in the rural villages of Limpopo Province South Africa. The results of this study indicated that cultural factors that contributed to maternal mortality. They were perceived cultural factors, which included culture and knowledge to seek care, perceived beliefs, decision-making process, and culture expectations regarding bleeding, hypertension and HIV-AIDS.1 The critical points explored in this study are limited to “cultural practices that are practiced for women during the childbirth period in Limpopo”.

Cultural practices focus more on value and meaning in the context of a way of life. Meanwhile, the cultural implications in society also have an analytical aspect of the reception that is individually constructed. Culture is one of the fundamental factors causing the high maternal mortality rate. Considering that the nature of culture is deeply rooted and influences a person’s behavior, so in exploring cultural factors that contribute to maternal mortality, it must be thorough, by looking for potential values from cultural aspects, which allow it to be followed up with appropriate interventions while still utilizing existing cultural values in society.2

Referring to relevant references, there are many cultural perspectives that need to be considered as the basis for determining actions such as ethnomedicine, medical ecology, self-concept, the meaning of women’s empowerment in a community perspective, and indigenous knowledge. All of which underlie how a woman and the support system make decisions and act on her health problems.3

Thus, to provide further information of value to the public regarding the problem of maternal mortality, researchers should conduct further studies to explore cultural factors in a broad sense. This is very important because solving the health problems of a society is necessary by adopting a culture and modifying the culture with health care services. Officers need to have cultural competence as well as cultural communication so that the health problems of a community can be handled appropriately.

Disclosure

The authors report no conflicts of interest in this communication.

References

1. Marabele PM, Maputle MS, Ramathuba DU, Netshikweta L. Cultural factors contributing to maternal mortality rate in rural villages of Limpopo Province, South Africa. Int J Women’s Health. 2020;12:691–699. doi:10.2147/IJWH.S231514

2. Lestari I, Saudah N, Dewi CPL, Nugroho HSW. Cultural approach for maternal mortality reduction in Indonesia; need of unusual business intervention.”. Ind J Public Health Res Develop. 2018;9(5):260–264.

3. Azuh DE, Azuh AE, Iweala EJ, Adeloye D, Akanbi M, Mordi RC. Factors influencing maternal mortality among rural communities in southwestern Nigeria. Int J Women’s Health. 2017;9:179–188. doi:10.2147/IJWH.S120184

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