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Knowledge and practice for pressure injury prevention among care managers in a home care setting: a cross-sectional study

Authors Kohta M, Kameda Y, Morita S

Received 28 April 2017

Accepted for publication 24 June 2017

Published 9 August 2017 Volume 2017:4 Pages 99—105

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CWCMR.S140673

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Marco Romanelli

Masushi Kohta,1 Yuki Kameda,2 Sadako Morita3

1Medical Engineering Laboratory, Alcare Co. Ltd., Sumida-ku, Tokyo, Japan; 2Wound and Ostomy Care Division, Alcare Co. Ltd., Sumida-ku, Tokyo, Japan; 3Sumire Home-visit Nursing Station, Handa-city, Aichi, Japan

Purpose: Previous studies on pressure injury prevention using questionnaire surveys have targeted physicians and nurses working in hospitals. However, few have administered surveys to social welfare professionals at home care. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the current level of knowledge and practice regarding pressure injury prevention among Japanese care managers.
Patients and methods: A cross-sectional study among care managers working in a Japanese city was performed from June to July 2016. Data were collected using a questionnaire to assess the participants’ knowledge of and practice for pressure injury prevention. The questionnaire included 1) measures of demographic characterization, 2) measures of knowledge, 3) measures of practice, and 4) measures of the difficulties of using pressure injury risk assessment scales.
Results: A total of 48 participants were analyzed (response rate: 55%). The overall knowledge and practice scores were 78.6% and 61.8%, respectively. The percentages of participants who knew the risk assessment scales were 38%, 26%, and 13% for the Braden scale, the Ohura–Hotta scale, and the University of Kanazawa scale, respectively. We also observed that 50% of the participants in this study believed that the use of risk assessment scales in daily practice in home care may be difficult.
Conclusion: Through the results of this questionnaire survey, we concluded that the current levels of knowledge and practice regarding pressure injury prevention among the care managers participating in our study were “moderate” and “low”, respectively. Low scores were obtained for knowledge with respect to the question, “Using risk assessment scales”. We will develop a new risk assessment scale as a bridge between both medical professionals and social welfare professionals. Practically, the authors recommend care managers should receive continuous education and practical training for pressure injury prevention in a home care setting.

Keywords: long term care, Braden scale, questionnaire, risk assessment, pressure ulcer

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