Irrigation port hydration in phacoemulsification surgery
Authors Suzuki H, Masuda Y, Hamajima Y, Takahashi H
Received 28 September 2017
Accepted for publication 7 December 2017
Published 17 January 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 185—190
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Jie Zhang
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser
Hisaharu Suzuki,1 Yoichiro Masuda,2 Yuki Hamajima,1 Hiroshi Takahashi3
1Department of Ophthalmology, Nippon Medical School Musashikosugi Hospital, Kawasaki City, Kanagawa, 2Department of Ophthalmology, The Jikei University, Katsushika Medical Center, Tokyo, 3Department of Ophthalmology, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan
Background: In most cases, hydration is performed by water injection into the stromal tissue with a needle. The technique is simple, however it is sometimes troublesome.
Purpose: We describe a simple technique for hydrating the corneal stroma in cataract surgery using an irrigation port.
Patients and methods: The technique began by pushing the irrigation port against the corneal stroma for a few seconds during phacoemulsification, which generated edema in the corneal incision that subsequently prevented leakage. This procedure is called the hydration using irrigation port (HYUIP) technique. A total of 60 eyes were randomized and placed in two groups, 30 eyes underwent surgeries using the HYUIP technique (HYUIP group) and 30 eyes underwent surgeries without the HYUIP technique (control). The three points evaluated during each surgery included 1) the occurrence of anterior chamber collapse during the pulling out of the I/A tip after inserting the intraocular lens, 2) the need for conventional hydration, and 3) watertight completion at the end stage of surgery.
Results: The anterior chamber collapse and the need for conventional hydration were significantly smaller in the HYUIP group compared to the control group. Regarding the self-sealing completion, no significant difference was observed between the two groups.
Conclusion: The HYUIP technique is an effective method for creating self-sealing wound. In addition, this technique helps to prevent anterior chamber collapse.
Keywords: cataract surgery, hydration, irrigation and aspiration, phacoemulsification, wound, self-sealing
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