Investigation of the effect of education based on the health belief model on the adoption of hypertension-controlling behaviors in the elderly
Authors Khorsandi M, Fekrizadeh Z, Roozbahani N
Received 13 July 2016
Accepted for publication 11 November 2016
Published 27 January 2017 Volume 2017:12 Pages 233—240
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Walker
Mahboobeh Khorsandi, Zohreh Fekrizadeh, Nasrin Roozbahani
School of Health, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
Purpose: Hypertension is one of the risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and stroke, and has a direct relationship with aging. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of education based on the health belief model (HBM) on the adoption of hypertension-controlling behaviors in the elderly.
Methods: The present quasiexperimental study was conducted on 100 hypertensive elderly persons from Qom, Iran. The questionnaire was completed by the participants before, immediately after, and 3 months after the intervention.
Results: The results of repeated measure analysis of variance showed a significant difference in the scores of the constructs in the intervention and nonintervention groups before, immediately after, and 3 months after the intervention (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Education based on the HBM increases the performance and enhances the health beliefs regarding hypertension in the elderly population with hypertension. Therefore, it is recommended to consider the HBM to enhance self-care behaviors in the elderly.
Keywords: elders, hypertension, controlling behaviors, health belief model
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