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Investigation of the effect of education based on the health belief model on the adoption of hypertension-controlling behaviors in the elderly

Authors Khorsandi M, Fekrizadeh Z, Roozbahani N

Received 13 July 2016

Accepted for publication 11 November 2016

Published 27 January 2017 Volume 2017:12 Pages 233—240

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S117142

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Akshita Wason

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Walker


Mahboobeh Khorsandi, Zohreh Fekrizadeh, Nasrin Roozbahani

School of Health, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran

Purpose: Hypertension is one of the risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and stroke, and has a direct relationship with aging. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of education based on the health belief model (HBM) on the adoption of hypertension-controlling behaviors in the elderly.
Methods: The present quasiexperimental study was conducted on 100 hypertensive elderly persons from Qom, Iran. The questionnaire was completed by the participants before, immediately after, and 3 months after the intervention.
Results: The results of repeated measure analysis of variance showed a significant difference in the scores of the constructs in the intervention and nonintervention groups before, immediately after, and 3 months after the intervention (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Education based on the HBM increases the performance and enhances the health beliefs regarding hypertension in the elderly population with hypertension. Therefore, it is recommended to consider the HBM to enhance self-care behaviors in the elderly.

Keywords: elders, hypertension, controlling behaviors, health belief model

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