Insulin detemir in the treatment of type 1 and type 2 diabetes
Authors Jean-Christophe Philips, André Scheen
Published 15 September 2006 Volume 2006:2(3) Pages 277—283
Jean-Christophe Philips, André Scheen
Division of Diabetes, Nutrition & Metabolic Disorders, Department of Medicine, CHU Sart-Tilman, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium
Abstract: Insulin detemir is a soluble long-acting human insulin analogue at neutral pH with a unique mechanism of action. Following subcutaneous injection, insulin detemir binds to albumin via fatty acid chain, thereby providing slow absorption and a prolonged metabolic effect. Insulin detemir has a less variable pharmacokinetic profile than insulin suspension isophane or insulin ultralente. The use of insulin detemir can reduce the risk of hypoglycemia (especially nocturnal hypoglycemia) in type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients. However, overall glycemic control, as assessed by glycated hemoglobin, is only marginally and not significantly improved compared with usual insulin therapy. The weight gain commonly associated with insulin therapy is rather limited when insulin detemir is used. In our experience, this new insulin analogue is preferably administrated at bedtime but can be proposed twice a day (in the morning and either before the dinner or at bedtime). Detemir is a promising option for basal insulin therapy in type 1 or type 2 diabetic patients.
Keywords: diabetes mellitus, insulin detemir, hypoglycemia, insulin analogue, insulin therapy