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Inhibition of tumor metastasis by targeted daunorubicin and dioscin codelivery liposomes modified with PFV for the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer

Authors Wang Y, Fu M, Liu J, Yang Y, Yu Y, Li J, Pan W, Fan L, Li G, Li X, Wang X

Received 12 November 2018

Accepted for publication 12 March 2019

Published 31 May 2019 Volume 2019:14 Pages 4071—4090

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S194304

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Linlin Sun


Yuanyuan Wang,1 Min Fu,2 Jingjing Liu,2 Yining Yang,1 Yibin Yu,1 Jinyu Li,1 Weisan Pan,1 Lei Fan,3 Guiru Li,4 Xuetao Li,2 Xiaobo Wang1,3

1Department of Pharmaceutics, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, People’s Republic of China; 2School of Pharmacy, Liaoning University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Dalian, Liaoning, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Pharmacy, 210th Hospital of People’s Liberation Army, Dalian, Liaoning, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of Pharmacy, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, Liaoning, People’s Republic of China

Background: Chemotherapy for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) still leads to unsatisfactory clinical prognosis because of poor active targeting and tumor metastasis.
Purpose: The objective of this study was to construct a kind of PFV peptide modified targeted daunorubicin and dioscin codelivery liposomes, which could enhance tumor targeting and inhibit tumor cell metastasis.
Methods and results: Targeted daunorubicin and dioscin codelivery liposomes were prepared by film dispersion and the ammonium sulfate gradient method. With the ideal physicochemical properties, targeted daunorubicin and dioscin codelivery liposomes exhibited enhanced cellular uptake and showed strong cytotoxicity to tumor cells. The encapsulation of dioscin increased the inhibitory effects of daunorubicin on A549 cells, vasculogenic mimicry (VM) channels and tumor metastasis. The enhanced antimetastatic mechanism of the targeted liposomes was attributed to the downregulation of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), vascular endothelial cadherin (VE-Cad), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α). Meanwhile, the targeted daunorubicin and dioscin codelivery liposomes exhibited significant antitumor effects in tumor-bearing mice. H&E staining, immunohistochemistry with Ki-67 and TUNEL assay also showed the promoted antitumor activity of the targeted liposomes.
Conclusion: Targeted daunorubicin and dioscin codelivery liposomes may provide an effective strategy for the treatment of NSCLC.

Keywords: daunorubicin, dioscin, liposomes, cell penetrating peptides, tumor metastasis, non-small-cell lung cancer

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