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In vivo laser confocal microscopy findings of a cornea with osteogenesis imperfecta

Authors Kobayashi A, Higashide T, Yokogawa H, Yamazaki N, Masaki T, Sugiyama K

Received 22 November 2013

Accepted for publication 24 December 2013

Published 21 February 2014 Volume 2014:8 Pages 429—433

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S58087

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3


Akira Kobayashi, Tomomi Higashide, Hideaki Yokogawa, Natsuko Yamazaki, Toshinori Masaki, Kazuhisa Sugiyama

Department of Ophthalmology, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa, Japan

Objective: To report the in vivo laser confocal microscopy findings of a cornea with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) with special attention to the abnormality of Bowman's layer and sub-Bowman's fibrous structures (K-structures).
Patients and methods: Two patients (67-year-old male and his 26-year-old son) with OI type I were included in this study. Slit lamp biomicroscopic and in vivo laser confocal microscopic examinations were performed for both patients. Central corneal thickness and central endothelial cell density were also measured.
Results: Although the corneas looked clear with normal endothelial density for both eyes in both patients, they were quite thin (386 µm oculus dexter (OD) (the right eye) and 384 µm oculus sinister (OS) (the left eye) in the father and 430 µm OD and 425 µm OS in the son). In both patients, slit lamp biomicroscopic and in vivo laser confocal microscopic examination showed similar results. Anterior corneal mosaics produced by rubbing the eyelid under fluorescein were completely absent in both eyes. In vivo laser confocal microscopy revealed an absent or atrophic Bowman's layer; a trace of a presumed Bowman's layer and/or basement membrane was barely visible with high intensity. Additionally, K-structures were completely absent in both eyes.
Conclusion: The absence of K-structures and fluorescein anterior corneal mosaics strongly suggested an abnormality of Bowman's layer in these OI patients.

Keywords: osteogenesis imperfecta, K-structure, confocal microscopy, Bowman's layer

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