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In vitro perforation of human epithelial carcinoma cell with antibody-conjugated biodegradable microspheres illuminated by a single 80 femtosecond near-infrared laser pulse

Authors Terakawa M, Tsunoi Y , Mitsuhashi T

Received 13 March 2012

Accepted for publication 5 April 2012

Published 28 May 2012 Volume 2012:7 Pages 2653—2660

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S31768

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Mitsuhiro Terakawa, Yasuyuki Tsunoi, Tatsuki Mitsuhashi

Department of Electronics and Electrical Engineering, Keio University, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan

Abstract: Pulsed laser interaction with small metallic and dielectric particles has been receiving attention as a method of drug delivery to many cells. However, most of the particles are attended by many risks, which are mainly dependent upon particle size. Unlike other widely used particles, biodegradable particles have advantages of being broken down and eliminated by innate metabolic processes. In this paper, the perforation of cell membrane by a focused spot with transparent biodegradable microspheres excited by a single 800 nm, 80 fs laser pulse is demonstrated. A polylactic acid (PLA) sphere, a biodegradable polymer, was used. Fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-dextran and short interfering RNA were delivered into many human epithelial carcinoma cells (A431 cells) by applying a single 80 fs laser pulse in the presence of antibody-conjugated PLA microspheres. The focused intensity was also simulated by the three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain method. Perforation by biodegradable spheres compared with other particles has the potential to be a much safer phototherapy and drug delivery method for patients. The present method can open a new avenue, which is considered an efficient adherent for the selective perforation of cells which express the specific antigen on the cell membrane.
Keywords: femtosecond laser, drug delivery, transfection, biodegradable polymer

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