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Improvement in self-reported exercise participation with the combination of tiotropium and rehabilitative exercise training in COPD patients

Authors Kesten S, Casaburi R, Kukafka D, Cooper CB

Published 7 March 2008 Volume 2008:3(1) Pages 127—136


Steven Kesten1, Richard Casaburi2, David Kukafka3, Christopher B Cooper4

1Boehringer Ingelheim GmbH, Ingelheim, Germany; 2Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA, USA; 3Northern Colorado Pulmonary Consultants PC, Fort Collins, CO, USA; 4UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA

Background: Improvements in ventilatory mechanics with tiotropium increases exercise tolerance during pulmonary rehabilitation. We wondered whether tiotropium also increased physical activities outside of pulmonary rehabilitation.

Methods: COPD patients participating in 8 weeks of pulmonary rehabilitation were studied in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of tiotropium 18 µg daily (tiotropium = 47, placebo = 44). Study drug was administered for 5 weeks prior to, 8 weeks during, and 12 weeks following pulmonary rehabilitation. Patients completed a questionnaire documenting participation in pre-defined activities outside of pulmonary rehabilitation during the 2 weeks prior to each visit. Patients who submitted an activity questionnaire at week 4 and on at least one subsequent visit were included in the analysis. For each patient, the number of sessions was multiplied with the duration of each activity and then summed to give overall activity duration.

Results: Patients (n = 46) had mean age of 67 years, mean baseline FEV1 of 0.84 L (33% predicted). Mean (SE) increase in duration of activities (minutes during 2 weeks prior to each visit) from week 4 (prior to PR) to week 13 (end of PR) was 145 (84) minutes with tiotropium and 66 (96) minutes with placebo. The increase from week 4 to week 25 (end of follow-up) was 262 (96) and 60 (93) minutes for the respective groups. Increases in activity duration from week 4 to weeks 17, 21, and 25 were statistically significant with tiotropium. No statistical differences over time were observed within the placebo-treated group and differences between groups were not significant.

Conclusions: Tiotropium appears to amplify the effectiveness of pulmonary rehabilitation as seen by increases in patient self-reported participation in physical activities.

Keywords: activity, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, exercise, pulmonary rehabilitation, tiotropium

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