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Identifying features of primary fallopian tube carcinoma using magnetic resonance imaging

Authors Winarto H, Fernando D

Received 28 February 2017

Accepted for publication 5 May 2017

Published 26 June 2017 Volume 2017:10 Pages 213—217


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Ronald Prineas

Hariyono Winarto,1 Darrell Fernando2

1Gynecology Oncology Division, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo National Referral Hospital, 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

Abstract: Definitively diagnosing primary fallopian tube carcinoma (PFTC) prior to surgery is difficult. In the first working diagnosis, PFTC is often misdiagnosed as ovarian cancer. Pre-operative workups using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are capable of differentiating PFTC from epithelial ovarian carcinomas (EOCs). Both the sensitivity and the specificity of MRI for identifying PFTC are high. The presence of a hydrosalpinx is a hallmark of PFTC. On MRI, hydrosalpinges have characteristic sausage-shaped appearances due to intrauterine fluid accumulation and fallopian tube distention. Additionally, MRI scans are superior to computed tomography (CT) scans or ultrasound images in detecting tumor infiltration into surrounding organs. Here, we report a case in which PFTC was pre-operatively misdiagnosed as EOC.

Keywords: primary fallopian tube carcinoma, epithelial ovarian carcinoma, magnetic resonance imaging, pre-operative diagnosis

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