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Household Transmission of COVID-19: A Cross-Sectional Study

Authors Dutta S, Kaur RJ, Bhardwaj P, Charan J, Bist SKS, Detha MD, Kanchan T, Sharma P, Misra S

Received 7 October 2020

Accepted for publication 13 November 2020

Published 23 December 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 4637—4642


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Suresh Antony

Siddhartha Dutta,1 Rimple Jeet Kaur,2 Pankaj Bhardwaj,3 Jaykaran Charan,1 Sunil Kumar Singh Bist,4 Mohan Dan Detha,5 Tanuj Kanchan,6 Praveen Sharma,7 Sanjeev Misra8

1Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India; 2Department of Pharmacology, S. N. Medical College, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India; 3Department of Community and Family Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India; 4Medical and Health, Jodhpur Zone and COVID 19 Nodal Officer, Jodhpur District, Rajasthan, India; 5Block CMHO, Luni, Jodhpur and Medical Officer in Charge, COVID Care Centre, Boranada, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India; 6Department of Forensic Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India; 7Department of Biochemistry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India; 8All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence: Jaykaran Charan
Department of Pharmacology, AIIMS, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
Tel +919825219196
Email [email protected]

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has brought the entire world to a standstill. The disease is rapidly transmitting in the community. Imposed lockdowns due to the COVID-19 pandemic have effectively delayed the transmission in the community but the transmissibility in households needs to be explored. The aim of this study was to estimate the household transmission of COVID-19 and assess the factors affecting transmission.
Patients and Methods: A cross-sectional study where the data were collected from a single isolation center, was conducted. Patients were contacted by phone. Information regarding number of COVID-19-positive cases in the family, their demographic details, along with number of rooms in their household was collected.
Results: A total of 369 families of COVID-19-positive patients were contacted. Nineteen families with a single member were excluded. Out of 350 families with a total 2126 members, 480 (22.5%) were COVID-19 positive. Mean age was 30.12 years (± 14.39) and majority of them were males (68.9%). Majority of the cases (67.3%) were in the age group (19– 49 years). Mean rooms per person were 0.51± 0.20 (0.14 to 1.50). Mild negative correlation was seen between number of positive COVID-19 cases and rooms per person (r= − 0.138, p=0.008) while moderate negative correlation with number of family members and proportion of family members being COVID-19 positive (r= − 0.542, p≤ 0.0001).
Conclusion: One in four family members got infected with COVID-19, they were majority males and in the working age group. Negative correlation of positive cases with number of family members and mild negative correlation between rooms per person and proportion of family member affected indicates some other factors may be responsible for household transmission than these factors.

Keywords: COVID-19, household transmission, SARS-CoV-2, coronavirus, isolation

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