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Homonymous hemianopia: challenges and solutions

Authors Goodwin D

Received 11 July 2014

Accepted for publication 13 August 2014

Published 22 September 2014 Volume 2014:8 Pages 1919—1927

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S59452

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Denise Goodwin

Pacific University College of Optometry, Forest Grove, OR, USA

Abstract: Stroke is the most common cause of homonymous hemianopia (HH) in adults, followed by trauma and tumors. Associated signs and symptoms, as well as visual field characteristics such as location and congruity, can help determine the location of the causative brain lesion. HH can have a significant effect on quality of life, including problems with driving, reading, or navigation. This can result in decreased independence, inability to enjoy leisure activities, and injuries. Understanding these restrictions, as well as the management options, can aid in making the best use of remaining vision. Treatment options include prismatic correction to expand the remaining visual field, compensatory training to improve visual search abilities, and vision restoration therapy to improve the vision itself. Spontaneous recovery can occur within the first months. However, because spontaneous recovery does not always occur, methods of reducing visual disability play an important role in the rehabilitation of patients with HH.

Keywords: hemianopia, homonymous hemianopia, visual field defects, visual training, perimetry

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