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Highly sensitive detection of protein biomarkers via nuclear magnetic resonance biosensor with magnetically engineered nanoferrite particles

Authors Jeun M, Park S, Lee H, Lee KH

Received 26 July 2016

Accepted for publication 8 October 2016

Published 21 October 2016 Volume 2016:11 Pages 5497—5503


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 6

Editor who approved publication: Dr Thomas Webster

Minhong Jeun,1 Sungwook Park,1,2 Hakho Lee,3 Kwan Hyi Lee1,2

1Center for Biomaterials, Biomedical Research Institute, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul, 2Department of Biomedical Engineering, Korea University of Science and Technology, Daejeon, Republic of Korea; 3Center for Systems Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA

Abstract: Magnetic-based biosensors are attractive for on-site detection of biomarkers due to the low magnetic susceptibility of biological samples. Here, we report a highly sensitive magnetic-based biosensing system that is composed of a miniaturized nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) device and magnetically engineered nanoferrite particles (NFPs). The sensing performance, also identified as the transverse relaxation (R2) rate, of the NMR device is directly related to the magnetic properties of the NFPs. Therefore, we developed magnetically engineered NFPs (MnMg-NFP) and used them as NMR agents to exhibit a significantly improved R2 rate. The magnetization of the MnMg-NFPs was increased by controlling the Mn and Mg cation concentration and distribution during the synthesis process. This modification of the Mn and Mg cation directly contributed to improving the R2 rate. The miniaturized NMR system, combined with the magnetically engineered MnMg-NFPs, successfully detected a small amount of infectious influenza A H1N1 nucleoprotein with high sensitivity and stability.

Keywords: biosensor, NMR, nanoferrite particles, transverse relaxation, magnetization, on-site detection

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