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Gentamicin coating of nanotubular anodized titanium implant reduces implant-related osteomyelitis and enhances bone biocompatibility in rabbits

Authors Liu D, He C, Liu Z, Xu W

Received 15 March 2017

Accepted for publication 4 July 2017

Published 31 July 2017 Volume 2017:12 Pages 5461—5471

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S137137

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Thiruganesh Ramasamy

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Lei Yang


Denghui Liu,1,* Chongru He,2,* Zhongtang Liu,2 Weidong Xu2

1Department of Orthopedics, the 113 Military Hospital, Ningbo, 2Department of Orthopedics, Changhai Hospital Affiliated to the Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Abstract: Titanium and titanium alloy are widely used as orthopedic implants for their favorable mechanical properties and satisfactory biocompatibility. The aim of the present study was to investigate the antibacterial effect and bone cell biocompatibility of a novel implant made with nanotubular anodized titanium coated with gentamicin (NTATi-G) through in vivo study in ­rabbits. The animals were divided into four groups, each receiving different kinds of implants, that is, NTATi-G, titanium coated with gentamicin (Ti-G), nanotubular anodized titanium uncoated with gentamicin (NTATi) and titanium uncoated with gentamicin (Ti). The results showed that NTATi-G implant prevented implant-related osteomyelitis and enhanced bone biocompatibility in vivo. Moreover, the body temperature of rabbits in NTATi-G and Ti-G groups was lower than those in Ti groups, while the weight of rabbits in NTATi-G and Ti-G groups was heavier than those in NTATi and Ti groups, respectively. White blood cell counts in NTATi-G group were lower than NTATi and Ti groups. Features of myelitis were observed by X-ray films in the NTATi and Ti groups, but not in the NTATi-G and Ti-G groups. The radiographic scores, which assessed pathology and histopathology in bone tissues, were significantly lower in the NTATi-G and Ti-G groups than those in the NTATi and Ti groups, respectively (P<0.05). Meanwhile, explants and bone tissue culture demonstrated significantly less bacterial growth in the NTATi-G and Ti-G groups than in the NTATi and Ti groups, respectively (P<0.01). The bone volume in NTATi-G group was greater than Ti-G group, and little bone formation was seen in NTATi and Ti groups.

Keywords: nanotubular anodized titanium, gentamicin, titanium implant, infection, antibiotic

Corrigendum for this paper has been published

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