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Genetic polymorphisms of CYP3A5, CHRM2, and ZNF498 and their association with epilepsy susceptibility: a pharmacogenetic and case–control study

Authors AL-Eitan LN, Al-Dalalah IM, Mustafa MM, Alghamdi MA, Elshammari AK, Khreisat WH, Al-Quasmi MN, Aljamal HA

Received 16 April 2019

Accepted for publication 22 August 2019

Published 4 September 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 225—233

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PGPM.S212433

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Martin H. Bluth


Laith N AL-Eitan1,2, Islam M Al-Dalalah1, Mohamed M Mustafa3, Mansour A Alghamdi4, Afrah K Elshammari5, Wael H Khreisat5, Mohammed N Al-Quasmi6, Hanan A Aljamal1

1Department of Applied Biological Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan; 2Department of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan; 3Department of Neuroscience, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan; 4Anatomy Department, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia; 5Department of Pediatric Neurology, Queen Rania Hospital for Children, King Hussein Medical Center, Royal Medical Services, Amman, Jordan; 6Department of Medical Laboratory, King Abdullah University Hospital, Irbid, Jordan

Correspondence: Laith N AL-Eitan
Jordan University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 3030, Irbid 22110, Jordan
Tel +962 2 720 1000 Ext.:23464
Fax +962 2 720 1071
Email lneitan@just.edu.jo

Background: A total of 50 million persons were diagnosed worldwide with epilepsy. One-third of them are experiencing debilitating seizures despite optimum anti‐epileptic drugs (AEDs) treatment. Several studies have suggested that CYP3A5, CHRM2, and ZNF498 influence the pharmacokinetics of AEDs. Therefore, the severity of the disease as well as the degree of response to the AEDs could be affected by the genetic polymorphisms within these genes.
Objectives: In this study, we assessed the effect of certain single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within CYP3A5, CHRM2, and ZNF498 genes on the susceptibility to develop epilepsy and the responsiveness to AEDs treatment.
Methods: A case–control and pharmacogenetic study was conducted on samples of 299 healthy individuals in addition to 296 epileptic patients. Genotypic, allelic, and clinical data association were performed for the selected polymorphisms within the (rs324649, rs420817, rs15524, and rs1859690) in the Jordanian population.
Results: The analysis revealed no significant association of the investigated SNPs with epilepsy in general, partial and generalized epilepsy as well as drug responsiveness. CYP3A5 and ZNF498 were associated with family history (P=0.003 and P=0.002, respectively) and the classification of epilepsy for the ZNF498 variant (P=0.009). On the other hand, CHRM2 was not linked to either disease severity or treatment responsiveness.
Conclusion: Our results failed to confirm the association of CYP3A5, ZNF498, and CHRM2 variants with either disease development or treatment response. Clinical pharmacogenetic studies may contribute to treatment personalization, appropriate drug dose selection, minimizing drug adverse reactions, increasing drug efficacy, and reducing the costive burdens.

Keywords: epilepsy, seizures, cytochrome P-450 CYP3A, pharmacogenetics, humans, anti-epileptic drugs

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