Formulation and bioequivalence studies of choline alfoscerate tablet comparing with soft gelatin capsule in healthy male volunteers
Authors Min MH, Park JH, Hur JH, Shin HC, Cho YJ, Kim DD
Received 4 November 2018
Accepted for publication 21 January 2019
Published 5 April 2019 Volume 2019:13 Pages 1049—1058
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Qiongyu Guo
Mi-Hong Min,1,2 Jin-Hyong Park,2 Jong-Hyun Hur,2 Ho-Chul Shin,2 YoungJoo Cho,2 Dae-Duk Kim1
1College of Pharmacy and Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea; 2Central Research Institute, Whanin Pharmaceutical Company, Suwon 16229, Republic of Korea
Purpose: The aim of this study was to develop a tablet formulation of choline alfoscerate and to assess its bioequivalence by comparing its pharmacokinetic parameters with those of a commercially available soft gelatin capsule (Gliatilin®) in healthy Korean male volunteers.
Materials and methods: Film-coated tablet formulation was optimized to control the hygroscopicity of choline alfoscerate. Bioequivalence study was performed under fasted condition with a randomized, single-dose, two-period crossover design. Subjects were orally treated with 1,200 mg of test or reference choline alfoscerate (400 mg × three doses) formulation. Blood samples were collected up to 12 hours the day before dosing to correct the baseline level of choline and 12 hours after dosing to obtain drug absorption profile. Pharmacokinetic parameters were determined after analyzing plasma concentration of choline by using LC–MS/MS.
Results: Hygroscopicity of choline alfoscerate was successfully controlled by adding suitable amount of Neusilin® (magnesium aluminometasilicate) in the film-coated tablet. Stability of the tablet formulation was also confirmed under the accelerated condition for 3 months. Bioequivalence study showed that the mean area under the plasma concentration–time curve from time 0 to infinity of test tablet and reference soft capsule was 3.428±2.170 and 3.305±1.803 µg·h/mL, respectively; the mean Cmax was 0.365±0.158 and 0.380±0.108 µg/mL, respectively; and the mean Tmax was 3.51±2.57 and 3.85±3.19 hours, respectively. The 90% CIs for geometric mean ratios of test to reference formulation for AUC0–t and Cmax were 84.51%–111.98% and 83.31%–104.10%, respectively, and satisfied the EMA regulatory criteria for bioequivalence.
Conclusion: Pharmacokinetic parameters including the Cmax and AUC0–t determined after oral administration of the two formulations in healthy Korean male volunteers showed that the differences between the formulations (tablet vs soft capsule) were not significant for bioequivalence. Both formulations were well tolerated, with no serious adverse events reported.
Keywords: choline alfoscerate, bioequivalence study, tablet, healthy Korean male volunteers
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