Fear of failure among a sample of Jordanian undergraduate students
Authors Alkhazaleh Z, Mahasneh AM
Received 15 September 2015
Accepted for publication 28 January 2016
Published 31 March 2016 Volume 2016:9 Pages 53—60
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Rebecca Sargisson
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Professor Igor Elman
Ziad M Alkhazaleh, Ahmad M Mahasneh
Department of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Education Sciences, The Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan
Background: Fear of failure (FoF) is the motivation to avoid failure in achievement tests, and involves cognitive, behavioral, and emotional experiences.
Aims: The primary purpose of this study was to determine the level of FoF among students at The Hashemite University, Jordan. We were also interested in identifying the difference in the level of FoF between the sexes, the academic level, and grade-point average (GPA).
Method: A total of 548 students participated in the study by completing the Performance Failure Appraisal Inventory. Descriptive statistics (mean and SD), independent sample t-test, and one-way analysis of variance were used to analyze the data collected.
Results: The results indicated the overall mean FoF to be –0.34. There were also significant differences between male and female students' level of fear in experiencing shame and embarrassment. Significant differences were found between the four academic level groups in the following fear categories: experiencing shame and embarrassment, important others losing interest, and fear of upsetting important others. The results also showed significant differences between the GPA level groups in the following fear categories: experiencing shame and embarrassment, diminishing of one's self-esteem, having an uncertain future, fear of important others losing interest, and fear of upsetting important others.
Conclusion: FoF may be an important consideration when trying to understand student behavior in the university. Moreover, the level of FoF differs between sexes, academic levels, and GPA levels.
Keywords: fear, fear of failure, Jordanian students
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