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Factors Influencing Public Knowledge and Willingness to Participate in Biomedical Research in Jordan: A National Survey

Authors Abu Farha R, Alzoubi KH, Khabour OF, Mukattash TL

Received 13 May 2020

Accepted for publication 10 July 2020

Published 5 August 2020 Volume 2020:14 Pages 1373—1379

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S261903

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Johnny Chen


Rana Abu Farha,1 Karem H Alzoubi,2 Omar F Khabour,3 Tareq L Mukattash2

1Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Applied Science Private University, Amman 11931, Jordan; 2Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan; 3Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan

Correspondence: Rana Abu Farha
Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Applied Science Private University, Amman 11931, Jordan
Tel +962 6-560-9957 ext 1496
Fax +962 5232899
Email abufarharana@yahoo.com

Purpose: Recruitment of adequate numbers of research participants is important for advancement in biomedical fields. Awareness and knowledge of the population about biomedical research are expected to enhance willingness to participate in such research. Therefore, in the current study, participants’ awareness, knowledge, and willingness to participate in scientific research in Jordan were examined.
Methods: This was a survey-based, cross-sectional study conducted from December 2019 to February 2020 among the public in Jordan. After written informed consent had been obtained from study participants, a structured questionnaire was used to survey research participants. The final questionnaire contained three parts: part I was about demographics and general information, part II assessed participants’ awareness and willingness to participate in biomedical research, and part III assessed participants’ knowledge about biomedical research studies.
Results: A total of 2,000 subjects agreed to participate, of which 67.4% were female (n=1339). More than half the respondents were aware of biomedical research (58.6%), of which 18.1% had previously participated in biomedical research. In addition, 55.5% reported that they were willing to participate in biomedical research, while a lower proportion (31.1%) were willing to volunteer in a clinical trial. The overall knowledge of participants about biomedical research was deemed moderate (total score 12.9 out of 20). Finally, willingness to participate in biomedical research was associated with being male, being married, having a biomedicine-related degree, and higher knowledge score.
Conclusion: A majority of Jordanians had moderate levels of awareness and knowledge about biomedical research. Such factors as sex, type of education, and knowledge contribute to willingness to participate in biomedical research.

Keywords: willingness, knowledge, biomedical research, public, Jordan

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