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Factors associated with preoperative anxiety levels of Turkish surgical patients: from a single center in Ankara

Authors Erkilic E, Kesimci E, Soykut C, Doger C, Gumus T, Kanbak O

Received 11 November 2016

Accepted for publication 25 January 2017

Published 28 February 2017 Volume 2017:11 Pages 291—296

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S127342

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Lucy Goodman

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Johnny Chen

Ezgi Erkilic, Elvin Kesimci, Cem Soykut, Cihan Doger, Tülin Gumus, Orhan Kanbak

Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Atatürk Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey


Background: Preoperative anxiety and stress are undoubtedly a difficult experience in patients undergoing elective surgery. These unpleasant sensations depend on several factors. The objective of this study was to evaluate the preoperative anxiety levels in a sample of Turkish population, as well as the underlying causes using the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI anxiety) scale.
Methods: The study was conducted according to the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by the local ethical committee. All participants gave written informed consent upon having received detailed information on the study. Upon entry in the study, state and trait anxiety questionnaires were completed by 186 patients scheduled for elective surgery. The influencing factors in regard to age, sex, educational status and others were also reported.
Results: There was a statistically significant positive correlation between state and trait anxiety scores in this Turkish population. While the most important predictive factors that affected state-STAI scores were age, sex and duration of sleep the night before surgery; educational status and age were the best predictors for determining the variation in trait-STAI scores.
Conclusion: The factors affecting anxiety levels in different populations might vary among different countries. Interestingly, in this sample of Turkish population, the trait anxiety levels were found to be higher from state-anxiety levels, especially in women and less educated people. Thus, doubts about operation and anesthesia are overlooked. This could be attributed to the low to intermediate life standards of people admitted to our hospital.

Keywords: state and trait anxiety, preoperative

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