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Experience of Polish Patients with Obesity in Contacts with Medical Professionals

Authors Sobczak K, Leoniuk K, Rudnik A

Received 4 July 2020

Accepted for publication 22 August 2020

Published 22 September 2020 Volume 2020:14 Pages 1683—1688

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S270704

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Johnny Chen


Krzysztof Sobczak, 1 Katarzyna Leoniuk, 1 Agata Rudnik 2

1Department of Sociology of Medicine & Social Pathology, Medical University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland; 2Institute of Psychology, University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland

Correspondence: Krzysztof Sobczak Email krzysztof.sobczak@gumed.edu.pl

Purpose: Discrimination and stigmatization of patients with obesity are a commonly occurring social problem. The purpose of our research was to analyze the scale of the experience including medical staff’s improper behaviours towards patients with obesity in Poland.
Patients and Methods: In a completed national study, we studied the statements of 621 adult patients who suffer from obesity. An original closed question survey was used as a tool to collect the data. Patients were informed about the possibility to participate in the study through social media, medical institutions and patient foundations.
Results: As many as 82.6% have experienced improper behaviours. Usually, it came from doctors (90%), nurses and midwives (51%), people who operated medical equipment (24%), nutritionists (14%) and paramedics (9%). Exactly 81% of the respondents pointed to unpleasant and judgmental comments as the most frequent form of improper behaviour which they have encountered mainly during diagnostic tests, palpation or procedures.
Conclusion: There is an urgent need for developing national strategies connected with care for individuals with higher body weight. Introducing dedicated solutions in this field may contribute to increasing the quality of health care and reducing stigmatizing behaviours.

Keywords: stereotyping, social stigma, health beliefs, health behaviours

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