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Experience of applying cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy for ovarian teratoma with malignant transformation and peritoneal dissemination

Authors Yu HH, Yonemura Y, Hsieh MC, Lu CY, Wu SY, Shan YS

Received 12 October 2018

Accepted for publication 11 December 2018

Published 14 January 2019 Volume 2019:15 Pages 129—136

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/TCRM.S190641

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Ms Justinn Cochran

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Deyun Wang


Hsin-Hsien Yu,1,2 Yutaka Yonemura,3,4 Mao-Chih Hsieh,2,5 Chang-Yun Lu,2 Szu-Yuan Wu,6,7 Yan-Shen Shan1,8

1Institute of Clinical Medicine, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan; 2Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; 3Peritoneal Dissemination Center, Kishiwada Tokushukai Hospital, Kishiwada, Japan; 4Department of Surgery, Kusatsu General Hospital, Kusatsu, Shiga, Japan; 5Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; 6Department of Radiation Oncology, Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; 7Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; 8Department of Surgery, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan

Objectives: The prognosis of ovarian teratoma with malignant transformation and peritoneal dissemination (PD) is poor. This condition is rare but associated with a high recurrence rate even after aggressive debulking surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy. In the present paper, we describe our experience of using cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS-HIPEC) for this condition.
Methods: The data of ten female patients having ovarian teratoma with malignant transformation and PD between June 2007 and June 2017 were collected and reviewed retrospectively. CRS-HIPEC was performed according to the standard protocol. Patient characteristics, pathological reports, tumor markers, perioperative operative parameters, postoperative events, and disease status during the follow-up period were recorded.
Results: The primary ovarian neoplasms were pure mature cystic teratoma with malignant transformation (n=6, including 5 of mucinous adenocarcinoma), mixed germ cell tumor with mature cystic teratoma and yolk sac tumor (YST) (n=1), pure immature teratoma (n=1), immature teratoma with growing teratoma syndrome (GTS) (n=1), and immature teratoma mixed YST with GTS (n=1). The mean levels of tumor markers, including carcinoembryonic antigen, cancer antigen 19-9 (CA19-9), and CA125, were markedly elevated. The recurrence rate was 10%. The median and mean disease-free survival (DFS) after CRS-HIPEC were 22.3 and 36.2 months, respectively, and the 5-year DFS rate is 88%.
Conclusion: CRS-HIPEC is a safe therapeutic option for reducing the recurrence rate in selected patients with PD originating from ovarian teratoma with malignant transformation.

Keywords: ovarian teratoma, malignant transformation, peritoneal dissemination, cytoreductive surgery, hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy

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