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Evaluation of corneal symmetry after UV corneal crosslinking for keratoconus

Authors Mofty H, Alzahrani K, Carley F, Harper S, Brahma A, Au L, Morley D, Hillarby MC

Received 8 June 2017

Accepted for publication 11 October 2017

Published 20 November 2017 Volume 2017:11 Pages 2043—2049


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Hanan Mofty,1,2 Khaled Alzahrani,2 Fiona Carley,3 Sophie Harper,3 Arun Brahma,3 Leon Au,3 Debbie Morley,3 M Chantal Hillarby2

1Optometry Department, College of Applied Medical Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; 2Division of Pharmacy and Optometry, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, The University of Manchester, 3Manchester Royal Eye Hospital, Manchester, UK

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess UV corneal crosslinking (CXL) treatment outcomes for keratoconus by evaluating the corneal regularity in patients through follow-up using the Oculus Pentacam.
Patients and methods: A total of 18 eyes from CXL patients with keratoconus were studied before and after CXL treatment, and six eyes from six patients who were not treated with CXL served as controls. Treated patients had Pentacam images taken before CXL treatment and regularly 3 months post treatment up to the 12th month. Controls were imaged during their first appointment and after 12 months. Symmetry and asphericity were evaluated and correlated with both best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and maximum K-readings.
Results: In the CXL-treated group, there was a significant improvement in the index of symmetrical variation (ISV) and keratoconus index (KI) at 3 months and in the index of height asymmetry (IHA) and minimum radius of curvature (Rmin) at 9 months post treatment. On the contrary, the untreated group’s indices showed some significant worsening in ISV, KI, central keratoconus index (CKI), and Rmin. A novel finding in our study was a slight positive shift of anterior asphericity in the 6 mm, 7 mm, and 8 mm 3 months after treatment, which had a correlation with BCVA (R2=0.390, p=0.053) and a strong correlation with maximum K-reading (R2=0.690, p=0.005). However, the untreated group had no significant changes after 1 year.
Conclusion: The corneal asymmetrical shape is associated with the spherical aberration alteration influenced by temporal evolution of surface ablation and increased corneal haze. However, insignificant changes in symmetry attest the stabilization effect on cornea postoperatively as compared with controls.

Keywords: keratoconus, crosslinking, topography, corneal haze, asphericity

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