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Evaluation of a continuous-positive pressure generating system

Authors Herrera N, Regnicoli R, Murad M

Received 24 June 2015

Accepted for publication 8 October 2015

Published 10 March 2016 Volume 2016:6 Pages 11—15

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/RRN.S91056

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Mark Dzietko

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Robert Schelonka


Nestor Herrera,1,2 Roberto Regnícoli,1,2 Mariel Murad1,2

1Neonatology Unit, Italian Hospital Garibaldi, Rosario, Argentina; 2Experimental Medicine and Surgery Unit, Italian University Institute of Rosario, Argentina

Abstract: The use of systems that apply continuous-positive airway pressure by means of noninvasive methods is widespread in the neonatal care practice and has been associated with a decrease in the use of invasive mechanical ventilation, less administration of exogenous surfactant, and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Few experimental studies on the functioning of the neonatology systems that generate continuous-positive airway pressure have been reported. A flow resistor system associated with an underwater seal resistor in a lung test model was described, and it was compared with an underwater seal threshold resistor system. Important differences in the pressures generated in the different systems studied were verified. The generation of pressure was associated with the immersion depth and the diameter of the bubble tubing. The flow resistor associated with an underwater seal, with small bubble tubing, showed no important differences in the evaluated pressures, exerting a stabilizing effect on the generated pressures. The importance of measuring the pressure generated by the different systems studied was verified, due to the differences between the working pressures set and the pressures measured.

Keywords: continuous-positive pressure, flow and threshold resistor, BCPAP

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