Estradiol accelerates liver regeneration through estrogen receptor α
Received 3 May 2019
Accepted for publication 27 June 2019
Published 22 July 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 331—336
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Everson L.A. Artifon
Yoji Tsugawa,1 Michiya Natori,2 Hiroshi Handa,3 Takeshi Imai1
1Department of Aging Intervention, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Obu, Aichi 474-8511, Japan; 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tokyo Medical University, Shinjuku, Tokyo 160-8402, Japan; 3Department of Nanoparticle Translational Research, Tokyo Medical University, Shinjuku, Tokyo 160-8402, Japan
Background: We previously demonstrated that liver resection triggers estradiol production, which, in turn, induces the proliferation of hepatocytes to promote liver regeneration in mice. In this study, we demonstrated estradiol-induced estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) expression.
Methods: To further explore the role of ERα in estradiol-mediated liver regeneration, in the present study, we confirmed impaired liver regeneration ability in ERα knockout mice.
Results: Further analysis during liver regeneration revealed a role for ERα in hepatic steatosis, tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin 6 expression, and nuclear factor-κB and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 DNA-binding activities.
Conclusion: Moreover, estradiol administration accelerated liver regeneration through ERα, indicating the feasibility of the estrogen-ERα axis as a target for accelerating the rate of liver regeneration.
Keywords: estrogens, estrogen receptor α; ERα, partial hepatectomy, liver regeneration
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