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Epidemiology and management of osteoporosis in the People’s Republic of China: current perspectives

Authors Lin X, Xiong D, Peng YQ, Sheng ZF, Wu XY, Wu XP, Wu F, Yuan LQ, Liao EY

Received 5 February 2015

Accepted for publication 13 April 2015

Published 25 June 2015 Volume 2015:10 Pages 1017—1033

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S54613

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Zhi-Ying Wu

Xiao Lin,1 Dan Xiong,1 Yi-Qun Peng,1 Zhi-Feng Sheng,1 Xi-Yu Wu,1 Xian-Ping Wu,1 Feng Wu,2 Ling-Qing Yuan,1 Er-Yuan Liao1

1Institute of Metabolism and Endocrinology, 2Department of Pathology, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, People’s Republic of China

Abstract: With the progressive aging of the population, osteoporosis has gradually grown into a global health problem for men and women aged 50 years and older because of its consequences in terms of disabilities and fragility fractures. This is especially true in the People’s Republic of China, which has the largest population and an increasing proportion of elderly people, as osteoporosis has become a serious challenge to the Chinese government, society, and family. Apart from the fact that all osteoporotic fractures can increase the patient’s morbidity, they can also result in fractures of the hip and vertebrae, which are associated with a significantly higher mortality. The cost of osteoporotic fractures, moreover, is a heavy burden on families, society, and even the country, which is likely to increase in the future due, in part, to the improvement in average life expectancy. Therefore, understanding the epidemiology of osteoporosis is essential and is significant for developing strategies to help reduce this problem. In this review, we will summarize the epidemiology of osteoporosis in the People’s Republic of China, including the epidemiology of osteoporotic fractures, focusing on preventive methods and the management of osteoporosis, which consist of basic measures and pharmacological treatments.

Keywords: osteoporosis, fracture, epidemiology, management

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