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Encapsulation of Piper cabralanum (Piperaceae) nonpolar extract in poly(methyl methacrylate) by miniemulsion and evaluation of increase in the effectiveness of antileukemic activity in K562 cells

Authors Mendes AN, Filgueiras LA, Siqueira MR, Barbosa GM, Holandino C, de Lima Moreira D, Pinto JC, Nele M

Received 15 February 2017

Accepted for publication 11 April 2017

Published 21 November 2017 Volume 2017:12 Pages 8363—8373


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Thomas Webster

Anderson Nogueira Mendes,1 Lívia Alves Filgueiras,1 Monica Regina Pimentel Siqueira,2,3 Gleyce Moreno Barbosa,2 Carla Holandino,2 Davyson de Lima Moreira,3 José Carlos Pinto,4 Marcio Nele5

1Department of Biophysics and Physiology, Federal University of Piauí, Teresina, Piauí, 2School of Pharmacy, Federal University of Rio Janeiro, 3Natural Products Department, Institute of Pharmaceutical Technology, Farmanguinhos, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro, 4Chemical Engineering Program – COPPE, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 5School of Chemistry, Federal University of Rio Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Abstract: This study aimed to synthesize and characterize nanoparticles (NPs) of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) and evaluate their ability to incorporate plant extracts with antitumor activity and low dissolution in aqueous media. The extract used was n-hexane partition of the methanol extract of Piper cabralanum (PCA-HEX). PMMA NPs were obtained using the miniemulsion method, which was able to encapsulate almost 100% of PCA-HEX. The synthesized polymeric particles presented with a size of 200 nm and a negative charge. Cytotoxicity tests by MTT and trypan blue assays showed that NPs without PCA-HEX did not kill leukemic cells (K562 cells). NPs containing PCA-HEX were able to enhance cell death when compared to pure extract. The results showed that PMMA NPs could be useful as a drug delivery system as they can enhance the antitumor activity of the PCA-HEX extract by more than 20-fold. PMMA NPs containing plant extracts with antitumor activities may be an alternative to control the evolution of diseases such as leukemia.

Keywords: Piper, Piperaceae, nanoparticles, miniemulsion, PMMA, K562 cells, leukemia

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