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Electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy and mortality in an oldest-old hypertensive Chinese population

Authors Chen R, Bai K, Lu F, Zhao Y, Pan Y, Wang F, Zhang L

Received 2 June 2019

Accepted for publication 29 August 2019

Published 17 September 2019 Volume 2019:14 Pages 1657—1662

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S218106

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Melinda Thomas

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Zhi-Ying Wu


Rui Chen,1,* Kunhao Bai,2,* Fanghong Lu,3 Yingxin Zhao,3 Yujing Pan,4 Fang Wang,1 Luxia Zhang1,5,6

1Renal Division, Department of Medicine, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Endoscopy, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou, Guangdong, People’s Republic of China; 3Cardio-Cerebrovascular Control and Research Center, Institute of Basic Medicine, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jinan, Shandong, People’s Republic of China; 4Renal Division, Department of Medicine, Peking University International Hospital, Beijing, People’s Republic of China; 5National Institute of Health Data Science at Peking University, Beijing, People’s Republic of China; 6Center for Data Science in Health and Medicine, Peking University, Beijing, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Luxia Zhang
Peking University, 8 Xishiku Street, Xicheng District, Beijing 100034, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 10 8357 2388
Fax +86 10 6655 1055
Email zhanglx@bjmu.edu.cn

Purpose: Previous studies have identified that electrocardiographic pattern of left ventricular hypertrophy (ECG LVH) is associated with mortality, but studies of its correlation in the oldest-old hypertensive population is extremely limited. We investigated the correlation between ECG LVH and mortality in a hypertensive Chinese population aged 80 years and older.
Patients and methods: In this study, we included 284 Chinese participants older than 80 years. All included participants with hypertension (sitting systolic blood pressure [BP] 160 to 200 mmHg; sitting diastolic BP <110 mmHg) were ascertained at the baseline. ECG LVH was defined as a Sokolow-Lyon voltage calculated as the amplitude of SV1+ (max RV5 or RV6) greater than 3.5 mV. We categorized participants into two groups by the status of baseline ECG LVH. We used Cox regression models to calculate hazard ratio (HRs) for mortality due to ECG LVH, including cardiovascular mortality and all-cause mortality.
Results: In this study, with a 28-month median follow-up, a total of 35 (12.3%) patients died; 21 of those died due to cardiovascular causes. Compared with participants without ECG LVH, there was an increased risk of cardiovascular mortality in participants with ECG LVH (adjusted HR 4.25 [95% confidence interval [CI], 1.50–12.06]) but ECG LVH did not predict all-cause mortality (adjusted HR 2.31 [95% CI, 0.93–5.72]).
Conclusion: Our study shows that ECG LVH predicts the risk of cardiovascular mortality in an oldest-old hypertensive Chinese population.

Keywords: left ventricular hypertrophy, mortality, oldest-old, hypertension, China


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